Computational Nation

The computer of the Apollo XI and the exodus of the human being
19 febrero, 2019

The sociologist Michel Maffesoli, a 61-year-old French citizen, who spent most of his life studying the underground and invisible currents of society, predicted the advent of a new group, that of the tribes, a term to which he gave new meaning in 1988 and the nomadic man. The renowned intellectual said: “We are in the era of nomads and tribes” 1 and the emergence of the tribe announces the death of modernism. However, the tribe always existed.

This anthropological category of the tribe always existed. But in the history of humanity it has had more or less importance. When Maffesoli coined the concept of tribe, he did so to point out a great difference with the nineteenth century, the culmination of modernism: that was, precisely, the moment of overcoming the tribe. At that time the concepts of “social contract”, of “social body” were created. The word itself, “social”, was created in the eighteenth century. The social is something profoundly rational. The contract is the summit of that rationality.

In the 21st century, thanks to advances in personal computing and the multiple Internet access platforms, people have begun to create links through their computers in the form of symbiosis. The large number of computers that exist with access to the Internet worldwide allow self-regulation and self-organization to be promoted, which allows crowds to be closer and more clear about their objectives and where new technologies are opening the way to new forms of communication and information but in turn altering the structure of the countries that in previous centuries were geographically limited and that are currently no longer limited by concept of territory or physical space.

In the 21st century the nomadic term of knowledge comes from the English neologism knowmad, which combines the words know (know, know) and nomad (nomadic), and which accounts for the profile of the subject capable of being a nomad of knowledge. It was created by John Moravec 1 to refer to the nomadic workers of knowledge and innovation. This is characterized by being innovative, imaginative, creative, able to work in collaboration with almost anyone, anytime, anywhere. A knowmad is valued for his personal knowledge, which gives him a competitive advantage over other workers.

Image by © John Lund/CORBIS

In the 21st century, where science, mathematics and computing are increasingly intertwined, technology is driving computational nations and swarms of supercomputers which will evolve by self-organization in increasingly complex scenarios.

In Smart Mobs: the next social revolution 2 (Intelligent crowds: the next social revolution) is a book published in English Howard Rheingold in 2002 and later translated into different languages ​​such as French, Spanish, Italian and Finnish, it addresses social issues in which it studies the new forms of cooperation that are arising in the world and uses some examples as the tactics used in the battle of Seattle of 1999 in which the participants of the demonstrations used as weapons web pages and mobile phones or the demonstrations called by mobile phone that managed to overthrow President Estrada in the Philippines. Rheingold proposes that the mixture of virtual and physical worlds is promoting a new stage characterized by cooperation and organization but also espionage and the importance of personal trajectory as an important part of personal history when it comes to generating trust.


“The culmination of modernism was precisely the moment of overcoming the tribe”


  1. “We are in the era of nomads and tribes.” Maffesoli, Diario La Nación, Argentina.
  2. Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Howard Rheingold

Author: PhD. Fernando Jimenez Motte
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